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主讲教师:张红霞副教授

Language Testing

Grading Rubrics & Direct Writing Assessment

Part I Review

Questions for review:
1. How to define classroom assessment?
2. What’s the relationship between classroom assessment and instruction?
3. What does DWA simulate?
4. For writing to be effective, what skills and knowledge required (product-based and process-based)?

Part II Today’s Focus

1. Grading rubrics

Two essential parts of performance assessment—a performance task and a set of grading rubrics;
A grading rubric states rules by which the quality of response is judged;

2. Common scales of DWA

  • Three main rating scales: Holistic scoring, primary trait scoring, and analytic scoring;
  • Distinctive features, practical values, and theoretical foundations;

3. Assessment criteria: Basic functions

  • To be useful in classroom settings, assessment criteria need to fulfill the following basic functions: evaluative, diagnostic, communicative, targeting, and heuristic;
  • The managerial role that assessment criteria play should be subordinate to their learning functions such as diagnostic and targeting functions.

Part III Summary

Questions for summary:
1. What is a grading rubric?
2. How many common scoring methods of DWA? What are they?
3. What are the basic functions of assessment criteria?