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第 2 次课程教学方案

周次
第二周
课时数
2
教学章节
Introduction II
教学目标和要求
  通过本次教学,使学生掌握语言学某些基本概念的区别(Speech and writing, Langue and parole, Competence and performance )以及传统语法与现代语言学的异同。
教学重点
1. Important distinctions in linguistics
 Speech and writing
 Langue and parole
 Competence and performance
2. Traditional grammar and modern linguistics
教学难点
1. Speech vs. Writing
2. Langue vs. Parole
3. Competence vs. Performance
4. Traditional Grammar vs. Modern Linguistics
主要教学方式
□ √课堂讲授  □ 小组活动  □ 实验演示  □ √难点答疑  □ √提问
□ 作业讲评   □ 实践教学  □ 考试测验  □ 其他活动
使用媒体资源
□ 文字教材  □ √电子教案  □ 录像材料  □ 录音材料  □ 直播课堂
□ CAI课件   □ IP课件    □ 其他资源:
作业或练习
● 复习今天上课的内容
● 预习Phonetics
● 思考题:
l.How is Saussure’s distinction between langue and parole similar to Chomsky’s distinction between competence and performance?
2.For what reason does modern linguistics give priority to speech rather than to writing?

1. Important distinctions in linguistics

 1) Speech and writing

 2) Langue and parole

 3) Competence and performance

2. Traditional grammar and modern linguistics

 1) Firstly, linguistics is descriptive while traditional grammar is prescriptive.

 2) Secondly, modern linguistics regards the spoken language as primary, not the written.

 3) Thirdly, modern linguistics differs from traditional grammar also in that it does not force languages into a Latin-based framework.