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作业习题及答案
英语语言学试卷及答案
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第 2 次教学活动设计

教学环节
主要教学内容
学生活动安排
复习
1. Definition of Linguistics
2. Important Distinctions in Linguistics
 1)Prescriptive vs. Descriptive
 2)Synchronic vs. Diachronic
Feedback from the students
Group Discussion
Questions
and
answers
新课
内容
1. Important distinctions in linguistics
 Speech and writing
 Langue and parole
 Competence and performance
2. Traditional grammar and modern linguistics I
Firstly, linguistics is descriptive while traditional grammar is prescriptive.
Secondly, modern linguistics regards the spoken language as primary, not the written.
Thirdly, modern linguistics differs from traditional grammar also in that it does not force languages into a Latin-based framework.
授课
方式
理论授课
课外
作业
● 复习:
Important distinctions in linguistics
● 预习:Phonetics
● 思考题:
1. How is Saussure’s distinction between langue and parole similar to Chomsky’s distinction between competence and performance?
2. For what reason does modern linguistics give priority to speech rather than to writing?