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作业习题及答案
英语语言学试卷及答案
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练习七

I. Directions: Read each of the following statements carefully. Decide which one of the four choices best completes the statement and put the letter A, B, C or D in the brackets. (2%X10=20%)

1. The study of language as a whole is often called ____________ linguistics.

A. general     B. applied      B. generative     D. particular

2. The fact that different languages have different words for the same object is a good illustration of the ___________ nature of language.

A. productive     B. dual     C. arbitrary    D. displacing

3. English consonants can be classified in terms of _____________.

A. manner of articulation        B. place of articulation

C. force of articulation           D. Both A and B

4. Which of the following vowel is not a front vowel in English?

A. [i:]     B. [e ]    C. [ɑ:]     D. [i]

5. Inflectional morphology studies _____________.

A. word-formation     B. sentence

C. inflections             D. none of the above

6. Which of the following morphemes can function as both an inflectional affix and a derivational affix?

A. dis-         B. uni-         C. –er        D.-ful

7. The two clauses in a ___________ sentence are structurally equal parts of the sentence.

A. simple        B. complete        C. complex         D. coordinate

8. Which of the following does not belong to the major lexical categories?

A. Verb     B. Noun     C. Determiner    D. Adjective

9. Bloomfield drew on _______________ psychology when trying to define the meaning of linguistic forms.

A. naming B. conceptualist C. contextual D. behaviorist

10. “rebuke”, “accuse”, and “charge” are ____________ synonyms.

A. dialectal           B. stylistic     C. collocational     D. semantically different

II. Directions: Fill in the blank in each of the following statements with one word, the first letter of which is already given as a clue. Note that you are to fill in One word only, and you are not allowed to change the letter given. (1%X10=10%)

11. P___________ is the study of language with reference to psychology.

12. D___________ features refer to the defining properties of human language that distinguish it from any animal system of communication.

13. A____________ refers to a strong puff of air stream in the production of speech sounds.

14. Sentence s_________ refers to the relative force which is given to the words in a sentence.

15. In terms of morphological analysis, d_____________ can be viewed as the addition of affixes to stems to form new words.

16. F_______ morpheme are independent units of meaning and can be used freely all by themselves.

17. Phrase structure rules, with the insertion of the lexicon, generate sentences at the level of D-____________.

18. Since early 1980s Noam Chomsky and other generative linguists proposed and developed the p______________________________ theory.

19. The word which is more general in meaning is called the s_________________, and the more specific words are called its hyponyms.

20. In the sense relations between sentences, e____________ is a relation of inclusion.

 

III. Directions: Judge whether each of the following statements is true or false. Put a T for true or F for false in the brackets in front of each statement. If you think a statement is false, you must explain why you think so and give the correct version. (2%X10=20%)

( ) 21.At the lower or the basic level of the language system, there is a structure of sounds, which are meaningless.

( ) 22. Since human capacity for language has a genetic basis, the details of any language system are genetically transmitted.

( ) 23. Intonation plays an important role in the conveyance of meaning in almost every language, especially in a language like English.

( ) 24. Of the three branches of phonetics, acoustic phonetics is the longest established, and until recently the most highly developed.

( ) 25. Since morphemes are the smallest meaningful units of language, they can be used independently.

( ) 26. Major lexical categories are open categories.

( ) 27. AUX-movement is obligatory in English which changes a sentence from affirmative to interrogative.

( ) 28. There is only one argument in the sentence “The man sells ice-cream.”.

( ) 29. Conversation participants nearly always observe the CP and the maxims of the CP.

( ) 30. The most dramatic morphological loss in the historical development of English concerns the loss of gender and case markings.