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作业习题及答案
英语语言学试卷及答案
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练习六

I. Directions: Read each of the following statements carefully. Decide which one of the four choices best completes the statement and put the letter A, B, C or D in the brackets. (2%X10=20%)

1.Which of the following statements is not the concern of sociolinguists?

A.The language a person uses reveals his social background.

B.There exist social norms that determine the type of language to be used ona certain occasion.

C.How does the human mind work when they use language

D.To investigate the social aspects of language.

2. Language is ___________ in that it makes possible the construction and interpretation of new signals by its users.

A. systematic     B. culturally transmitted      C. intuitive         D. productive

3. ____________ transcription is really the transcription required and used by thephoneticians in their study of speech sounds.

A. Wide     B. Narrow     C. Broad     D. Detailed

4.The articulatory apparatus of a human being are contained in ______________ .

A. the pharyngeal cavity     B. the oral cavity     C. the nasal cavity             D. all of the above

5. ___________ studies the internal structure of words and the rules that govern theirformation.

A. Phonology B. Semantics C. Syntax D. Morphology

6.The word “refreshment” contains ___________ morpheme(s).

A. zero     B. one    C. two    D. three

7.The central element in a simple sentence, or in each clause, is the _____________.

A. subject    B. finite verb    C. object    D. adverbial

8.The syntactic rules of any language are ___________ in number.

A. infinite     B. finite     C. large    D. definite

9. Which pair of antonyms differs from other pairs

A. above, below        B. sell, buy       C. teacher, pupil         D. hot, cold

10. What is the sentential relation between “He likes swimming.” and “He likes sports.”?

A. Presupposition         B. Entailment        C. Contradiction          D. Anomaly

II. Directions: Fill in the blank in each of the following statements with one word, the first letter of which is already given as a clue. Note that you are to fill in One word only, and you are not allowed to change the letter given. (1%X10=10%)

11. Modern linguistics, i.e. linguistic study carried out from the last century, is mostly d_________.

12. A d___________ study of language is a historical study; it studies the historical development of language over a period of time.

13.The phonetic features that occur above the level of the segments are called s_____________ features.

14. When pitch, stress and sound length are tied to the sentence rather than the word in isolation, they are collectively known as i____________.

15. I___________ affixes manifest various grammatical relations or grammatical categories such as number, degree and case.

16. D___________ morphology studies word-formation.

17. Linguistic c__________ refers to the system of internalized linguistic knowledge of a language speaker.

18. S__________ is a subfield of linguistics that studies the sentence structure of language.

19. R____________ means what a linguistic form refers to in the real, physical world; it deals with the relationship between the linguistic element and the non-linguistic world of experience.

20. Whether a sentence is semantically meaningful is governed by rules called s___________ restrictions, i.e. constraints on what lexical items can go with what others.

III. Directions: Judge whether each of the following statements is true or false. Put a T for true or F for false in the brackets in front of each statement. If you think a statement is false, you must explain why you think so and give the correct version. (2%X10=20%)

( ) 21. Language is entirely arbitrary.

( ) 22. The description of a language at some point in time is a syntacticstudy.

( ) 23. Articulatory phonetics studies the sounds from the speaker’s point of view.

( ) 24. Syntactically, the part of speech of the compound is generally determined by the part of speech of the second element.

( ) 25. Sometimes bound morphemes can be used by themselves.

( ) 26. Syntax consists of a set of abstract rules that allow words to be combined with other words to form grammatical sentences.

( ) 27. The two clauses in a complex sentence have equal status.

( ) 28. In a pair of gradable antonyms, the denial of one member of the pair implies the assertion of the other.

( ) 29. All utterances take the form of sentences.

( ) 30. The protolanguage is the original form of a language family thatstill exists.