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英语语言学试卷及答案
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练习五

I. Directions: Read each of the following statements carefully. Decide which one of the four choices best completes the statement and put the letter A, B, C or D in the brackets. (2%X10=20%)

1.Modern linguistics give priority to speech because _____________.

A. speech sounds are derived from writing systems

B. The spoken form is more basic than the written form

C. Writing precedes speech in English language

D. All the languages today have both spoken and written forms.

2.In the following sounds, _________ is a glottal sound.

A: [h]    B. [k]     C. [g]     D.[n]

3.Of the words listed below, ________ is not an English word.

A. [blik]     B [bilk]     C. [kilb]     D. [skw]

4.In English, the root “tele” means _________.

A. seeing, sight     B. a branch of learning    C. distant, far       D. small in size

5.The situation in which two or more languages are used side by side is referred to as __________.

A. blending        B. Bilingualism     C. clipping         D. pidginization

6.The function of the sentence “ A sunny day, isn’t it” is __________.

A. informative         B. interrogative     C. expressive         D. phatic

7. ___________ are language varieties related to the use in particular speech situation.

A. Education varieties     B. Age varieties        C. Gender varieties        D. Register varieties

8.There are _________ morphemes in the word “ disabled”.

A. one     B. two     C. three     D. four

9.Which of the following two-term sets is relational opposite?

A. old/young         B. alive/dead      C. teacher/pupil     D. hot/cold

10.The words such as “smog”, and “motel” are __________.

A. compound words     B. abbreviated words    C. formed by blending       D. coined by backformation.

 

II. Directions: Fill in the blank in each of the following statements with one word, the first letter of which is already given as a clue. Note that you are to fill in One word only, and you are not allowed to change the letter given. (1%X10=10%)

11. The description of a language at some point in time is a s_________ study.

12. P_________ is the actual realization of the ideal user’s knowledge in linguistic communication.

13. Language is a system of arbitrary vocal symbols used for human c_______.

14. English speech sounds can be classified into vowels and c__________.

15. The affixes indicating number, tense, degree and case are i________ affixes.

16. S______ can be simply defined as the study of meaning.

17. H_______ refers to the phenomenon that words having different meanings have the same form.

18. Selectional r___________ constrain what lexical items can go with others.

19. A l______ act is the act of uttering words, phrases and clauses.

20. The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis includes the notion of linguistic d______ and linguistic relativism.

 

III. Directions: Judge whether each of the following statements is true or false. Put a T for true or F for false in the brackets in front of each statement. If you think a statement is false, you must explain why you think so and give the correct version. (2%X10=20%)

21. Morphemes are the smallest meaningful units of language that can be used independently.

22. Langue is relatively stable and systematic while parole is subject to personal and situational constraints.

23. Arbitrariness is one main design feature of language, so all the words in English are entirely arbitrary.

24. The different phonemes which can represent a phone in different phonetic environments are called the allophones of that phoneme.

25. The words “gym”, “lab” and “Dr.” are all the words formed through clipping.

26. The word “flower” is the superordinate of the hyponyms “rose”, “tulip” and “lily”.

27. A creole language is originally a pidgin that has become established a s a native language in some speech community.

28. The illocutionary force of “I appoint you chairman of the committee” is a commissive.

29. Psychological research suggests that the left hemisphere is superior to the right hemisphere because left brain controls language and analytic reasoning.

30. Language is always necessary for the functioning of thought because thinking can’t take place without language.