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作业习题及答案
英语语言学试卷及答案
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练习四

I.Directions: Read each of the following statements carefully. Decide which one of the four choices best completes the statement and put the letter A, B, C or D in the brackets. (2%X10=20%)

1.The word “language” is sometimes used to refer to the whole of a person’s language called _________.

A. colloquial language     B. scientific language       C. standard language     D. idiolect

2.Which of the following words is entirely arbitrary?

A. bang     B. photo    C. typewriter    D. rumble

3.Which of the following sounds is a diphthong?

A. [ai]    B. [t]    C[d]    D. [a:]

4.“hot dog” with the first element stressed means________.

A. a dog which is hot     B. a barking dog      C. a kind of food       D. a dead dog

5.There are _________morphemes in the word” frightening”.

A. one     B. two     C. three    D. four

6. In English, “-ate” and “dis-“ are called _________.

A. Prefixes    B. suffixes     C. infixes    D. affixes

7.The phrase “boys and girls” belongs to the ______ construction.

A. complex        B. coordinate     C. embedded     D. subordinate

8. The illocutionary act of the utterance “ I promise to come.” is a _______.

A. representative    B. expressive      C. declaration         D. commissive

9.Which of the following two-term sets shows the feature of complementarity ?

A. hot/cold            B. doctor/patient      C. single/married     D. husband /wife

10. Which part of the brain is generally considered to control language and speech.

A. left hemisphere         B. right hemisphere      C. front hemisphere     D. back hemisphere

II. Directions: Fill in the blank in each of the following statements with one word, the first letter of which is already given as a clue. Note that you are to fill in One word only, and you are not allowed to change the letter given. (1%X10=10%)

11. Language is a system of arbitrary vocal s________ used for human communication.

12. A linguistic study is p___________ if it tries to lay down rules for “correct” behaviour.

13. Generally speaking, we can divide p______ into at least three branches: articulatory phonetics, acoustic phonetics and auditory phonetics.

14. The speech sounds can be divided into two broad categories: v_________ and consonants.

15. M___________ is the smallest meaningful unit of language.

16. S___________ is a subfield of linguistics that studies the sentence structure of language.

17. Semantics can be simply defined as the study of m______.

18. The term a__________ is used for oppositeness of meaning.

19. A predication usually consists of a________ and predicate.

20. The Cooperative Principle includes four maxims: the maxim of q_______, the maxim of quality, the maxim of relation and the maxim of manner.

 

III. Directions: Judge whether each of the following statements is true or false. Put a T for true or F for false in the brackets in front of each statement. If you think a statement is false, you must explain why you think so and give the correct version. (2%X10=20%)

 

21. Pragmatics is the study of meaning in isolation.

22. Modern linguistics regards the written language as primary, not the spoken language.

23. According to the Swiss linguist Saussure, langue refers to the abstract linguistic system shared by all the members of a speech community.

24. The English sound[m] is a bilabial nasal.

25. The phrase “green house” with the first element stressed means “ a house which is green in colour.”

26. The morphemes such as “room” and “help” are free morphemes.

27. The meanings of compound words generally can not be worked out by looking at the meanings of the constituent words.

28. The words of a sentence are only structured in the linear order.

29. The word “man” is analyzed as comprising the semantic features of [+human,+adult,+male].

30. In general, the right hemisphere of brain controls the right side of the body, the left hemisphere of the brain controls the left side of the body.