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练习三

I. Directions: Read each of the following statements carefully. Decide which one of the four choices best completes the statement and put the letter A, B, C or D in the brackets. (2%X10=20%)

1. The study of language development at some point in time is generally termed as ___________ linguistics.

A. comparative     B. applied     C. synchronic     D. diachronic

2. N. Chomsky is a famous _____________ linguist.

A. American       B. British      C. Greek            D. Swiss

3. In the following sounds ___________ is a voiceless consonant..

A. [d]    B.[g]     C. [t]     D. [b]

4. In English, “pill” and “bill” are ___________.

A. a phonemic contrast    B. complementary distribution

C. assimilation                 D a minimal pair

5. The word “unhappiness” has ____________ morpheme(s)

A. one     B. two     C. three     D. four

6. In English the letter combination “care” in the word “carelessness” is called ___________.

A. suffix        B. prefix         C. infix     D. free morpheme

7. A word with several meaning is called _________.

A. a synonymous word      B. a polysemous word    C. an abnormal word     D. none of the above

8. We call the relation between “animal” and “tiger” as ___________.

A. polysemy         B. synonymy      C. hyponymy       D. homophony

9. The pair of words “let’ and “rent” is called ___________.

A. relational opposites                    B. gradable antonyms

C. complementary antonyms          D. co-hyponyms

10. Which description of the meaning components of the word “mother” is right.

A. [+human, +adult, +male]        B. [-human, +adult, +male]

C. [+human, +adult, -male]         D. [+human, -adult,-male]

 

第二部分 非选择题

II. Directions: Fill in the blank in each of the following statements with one word, the first letter of which is already given as a clue. Note that you are to fill in One word only, and you are not allowed to change the letter given. (1%X10=10%)

11. P________ is defined as the study of the phonic medium of language.

12. M________is the study of the way in which words are formed.

13. If a linguistic study describes and analyzes the language people actually use, it is said to be d__________.

14. The description of a language as it changes through time is a d_________ study.

15. Similar to Saussure’s distinction between langue and parole is the distinction between c________ and performance by the linguist N. Chomsky.

16. Language is p________ in that it makes possible the construction and interpretation of new signals by its uses.

17. The English sounds [m],[n] and [N] are called n_______ consonants.

18. The morphemes such as “-en”, “dis-” and “–ism” are called b_______ morphemes.

19. The words of a sentence are produced one after another in a sequence is the l____________ structure of a sentence.

20. Jane Austin’s Speech Act Theory includes locutionary act, illocutionary act and p_______ act.

 

III. Directions: Judge whether each of the following statements is true or false. Put a T for true or F for false in the brackets in front of each statement. If you think a statement is false, you must explain why you think so and give the correct version. (2%X10=20%)

21. Our mother tongue Chinese is a tone language.

22. We were all born with the ability to acquire language, so the details of any language system are genetically transmitted, and not to be taught and learned.

23. The English sounds [ai],[au][Ci][iE] and [tF] are called diphthongs.

24. The morphemes “dog”, “able” and “quick” are free morphemes.

25. The contextualist view holds that there is no direct link between a linguistic form and what it refers to but they are linked through the mediation of concepts in the mind.

26. The British English word “autumn” and the American English word “fall” are called stylistic synonyms.

27. The relation between the words “male” and “female” is gradable antonyms.

28. Utterance meaning is based on sentence meaning, it is the realization of the abstract meaning of a sentence in a specific context.

29. The maxim of manner by CP is to say what you believe to be true.

30. Black English is the widespread and familiar ethnic variety of the English language.