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英语语言学试卷及答案
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练习二

I. Directions: Read each of the following statements carefully. Decide which one of the four choices best completes the statement and put the letter A, B, C or D in the brackets. (2%X10=20%)

1.F. de Saussure is a(n) _________ linguist.

A. American     B. Swiss     C. British     D. Russian

2. Which of the following sounds is a voiced bilabial stop

A. [p]     B. [m]     C. [b]     D. [t]

3. Of the “words” listed below, __________ is not an English word.

A. [spin]     B. [lkbi]     C.[strikt]     D. [desk]

4. The affixes which manifest various grammatical relations or grammatical categories such as “-ing,-est” are called __________.

A. derivational affixes    B. free morphemes     C. inflectional affixes     D. roots

5. The sentence containing two clauses joined by a linking word is called a ____________ sentence.

A. coordinate         B. simple      C. subordinate     D. embedded

6. “Words are names or labels for things.” This view is called _________ in semantic theory.

A. mentalism            B. contextualism      C. conceptualism     D. naming theory

7. The semantic relationship between flower and rose is _______.

A.hyponyms          B. hyponymy      C. co-hyponyms     D. superordinate

8. The words such as handbook and highway are ___________.

A. formed by blending      B. coined by back-formation

C. compound words         D. derivations

9. X-bar theory is __________________.

A. highly specific and concrete, therefore only useful to solve concrete problems

B. capable of reducing the redundancies of individual phrasal structure rules

C. so highly abstract that it can explain all the properties of all phrasal categories

D. inefficient in coping with the language structures other than those of English

10. The words “railway” and “railroad” are __________.

A. synonyms differing in emotive meaning

B. synonyms differing in styles

C. dialectal synonyms

D. synonyms differing in register

II. Directions: Fill in the blank in each of the following statements with one word, the first letter of which is already given as a clue. Note that you are to fill in One word only, and you are not allowed to change the letter given. (1%X10=10%)

11. A person who studies linguistics is called a l____________.

12.M_________ is the linguistic study of how morphemes are combined to form words.

13. In modern linguistics, s__________ is considered primary over writing.

14. There are two ways to classify consonants: by place of articulation and by m___________ of articulation.

15. S_________ is the linguistic study of meaning in abstraction.

16. H___________ refers to the phenomenon that words having different meanings have the same form.

17. The study of language with reference to the workings of the mind is called p________.

18. Vowels can be classified by the position of the tongue, openness of the mouth and l_________ of the sound.

19. The notion of linguistic determinism and linguistic relativism is called the S_________ hypothesis.

20. An e___________ is a mild, indirect or less offensive word or expression substituted when the speaker or writer fears more direct wording might be harsh or unpleasant.

 

III. Directions: Judge whether each of the following statements is true or false. Put a T for true or F for false in the brackets in front of each statement. If you think a statement is false, you must explain why you think so and give the correct version. (2%X10=20%)

 

21. English language is a tone language.

22. A linguistic taboo refers to a word or expression that is prohibited by the polite society from general use such as obscene, profane and swear words.

23. Chinese is thought to be the first language by most linguists.

24. Phonology is a branch of linguistics which studies the sentence patterns of a language.

25. Idiolect is a personal dialect of an individual speaker that combines aspects of all the elements regarding regional, social and stylistic variation.

26. It is generally accepted that the history of the English language is divided into the periods of old English and modern English.

27. A locutionary act of Speech Act Theory is the act performed by or resulting from saying something.

28. According to predication analysis, in the sentence “The man beat the dog.”, the word “beat” is called predicate, and the words “man” and “dog” are called arguments.

29.[f] is a dental consonant.

30. The transcription of speech sounds with letter-symbols together with the diacritics is called broad transcription.