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英语语言学试卷及答案
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Test 14

I.Directions: Read each of the following statements carefully. Decide which one of the four choices best completes the statement and put the letter A, B, C or D in the brackets. (2%X10=20%)

1. If a sentence is regarded as what people actually utter in the course of communication, it becomes ________________.

A. an act             B. a unit       C. a sentence       D. an utterance

2. The maxim of quality requires: do not say what you believe to be __________.

A. brief         B. orderly       C. true          D. false

3. Which of the following words differs from others in word formation rules ?

A. UNESCO        B. TV      C. CD-ROM        D. NATO

4. Which of the following statements about the nature of language change is False ?

A. All living languages change with time.

B. Language change is not inevitable.

C. Language change is systematic and extensive.

D. Language change involves all components of the grammar.

5. ___________ variation is speech variation according to the particular area where a speaker comes from.

A. Social        B. Stylistic      C. Idiolectal         D. Regional

6. Which of the following is NOT included in the English system of frequently used address terms ?

A. last name         B. title + last name     C. first name         D. title + first name

7. In normal situations, __________ speakers tend to use more prestigious forms than their ___________ counterparts with the same general social background.

A. male; female         B. female; male      C. old; young            D. young; old

8. Lying under the skull, the human brain contains an average of ten billion nerve cells called ___________.

A. nerve system            B. nerves      C. cerebral cortex         D. neurons

9. Telegraphic speech happens in _______________.

A. the one-word stage         B. the two-word stage

C. the three-word stage        D. the multiword stage

10. Which of the following statements does NOT belong to the behaviorist theory of child language acquisition ?

A. Language acquisition is a process of habit formation.

B. Language is learned through stimulus and response.

C. Children are born with an innate ability to acquire language.

D. Reinforcement of selected responses is the key to understanding language development.

 

II. Directions: Fill in the blank in each of the following statements with one word, the first letter of which is already given as a clue. Note that you are to fill in One word only, and you are not allowed to change the letter given. (1%X10=10%)

11. The meaning of an u___________ is concrete and context-dependent.

12. To ask someone to pass a book is obviously a d_____________.

13. The I____________ language family is the first and most widely investigated language family of the world.

14. B___________ is a way of forming a new word by combing parts of other words.

15. B____________ refers to a linguistic situation in which two standard languages are used either by an individual or by a group of speakers.

16. R___________ are language varieties appropriate for use in particular speech situations.

17. An e_____________ is a mild, indirect or less offensive word or expression substituted when the speaker or writer fears more direct wording might be harsh, unpleasantly direct, or offensive.

18. The critical period hypothesis refer to a period in one’s life extending from about age two to p___________, during which the human brain is most ready to acquire a particular language and language learning can proceed easily, swiftly and without explicit instruction.

19. I________ may take the form of exposure in natural settings or formal instruction, which may be spoken or written.

20. The use of previously available strategies in new situations, i.e. the application of a particular pattern or rule of the target language in many other linguistic situations, is the phenomenon called o_____________.

 

III. Directions: Judge whether each of the following statements is true or false. Put a T for true or F for false in the brackets in front of each statement. If you think a statement is false, you must explain why you think so and give the correct version. (2%X10=20%)

( ) 21. Linguistic taboo has nothing to do with social taboo.

( ) 22. The distinctive features of Black English persist for racial reasons.

( ) 23. Research findings have shown that language processing centers are situated in a single area of the left hemisphere.

( ) 24. A particular coding system comprises a particular set of arbitrary verbal symbols which arise from a particular conceptual system.

( ) 25. Language acquisition is primarily the acquisition of the grammatical system of language.

( ) 26. In most bilingual communities, two languages have the same function in speech situations known as domains.

( )27. What essentially distinguishes semantics and pragmatics is whether in the study of meaning the context of use is considered.

( )28. As language use is contextualized in particular social settings, social taboo originates from linguistic taboo.

( )29. Research findings have shown that language processing centers are situated in a single area of the left hemisphere.

( )30. A second language can only be learned. It can not be acquired.