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英语语言学试卷及答案
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练习十三

I.Directions: Read each of the following statements carefully. Decide which one of the four choices best completes the statement and put the letter A, B, C or D in the brackets. (2%X10=20%)

1. A __________ analysis of an utterance will reveal what the speaker intends to do with it.

A. semantic      B. pragmatic    C. syntactic    D. grammatical

2. ________________ are those speech acts whose point is to state, describe or say what the speaker believes to be true.

A. Representatives    B. Expressives     C. Declarations     D. Commissives

3. The most widely spread morphological changes in the historical development of English are the loss and addition of ____________.

A. case markings    B. suffixes     C. prefixes    D. affixes

4. Which language family has the largest number of languages

A. The Indo-European Family.     B. The Sino-Tibetan Family.

C. The Austronesian Family.       D. The Afroasiatic Family.

5. The __________ variety of diglossia is used for more formal or serious matters.

A. high     B. low     C. formal     D. informal

6. The language of females is characterized by using ________________.

A. more prestigious forms                  B. more polite and less blunt language

C. more specific colour terms             D. all of the above

7. What cortical region(s) are speech and language thought to be localized

A. Broca’s area             B. Wernicke’s area      C. the angular gyrus     D. all of the above

8. For _____________, thinking was a system of movements that had been reduced from actual speech to the point where they were no longer visible.

A. Bloomfield     B. Plato     C. Aristotle    D. Watson

9. At the babbling stage, the sounds and syllables that children utter are ___________.

A. meaningless          B. meaningful      C. Both A and B         D. hard to decide

10. Interlanguage is a product of _______________.

A. second language training

B. mother tongue interference

C. learning and communicative strategies of the learner

D. all of the above

II. Directions: Fill in the blank in each of the following statements with one word, the first letter of which is already given as a clue. Note that you are to fill in One word only, and you are not allowed to change the letter given. (1%X10=10%)

11.An i______________ act is the act of expressing the speaker’s intention.

12. The maxim of relation requires that what the conversation participants say must be r___________.

13. Sound change as a result of sound movement, known as m___________, involves a reversal in position of two adjoining sound segments.

14. C___________ refers to the invention of a new word, often from the brand name or trade-mark of a product.

15. S___________ is a casual use of language that consists of expressive but nonstandard vocabulary, typically of arbitrary, flashy and often ephemeral coinages and figures of speech characterized by spontaneity and sometimes by raciness.

16. Speech v___________ refers to any distinguishable form of speech used by a speaker or a group of speakers.

17. As a means of i____________ communication, language facilitates thinking, speech behaviour and action for the individual.

18. C__________ cortex is the outside surface of the brain which receives messages from all the sensory organs and where human cognitive abilities reside.

19. Naturally, learners will subconsciously use their L1 knowledge in learning a second language, which is known as language t___________.

20. The C____________ Analysis approach was founded on the belief that it was possible, by establishing the linguistic differences between the native and target language systems, to predict what problems learners of a particular second language would face and the types of errors they would make.

III. Directions: Judge whether each of the following statements is true or false. Put a T for true or F for false in the brackets in front of each statement. If you think a statement is false, you must explain why you think so and give the correct version. (2%X10=20%)

( ) 21. N..Y. is an acronym.

( ) 22. A creole language is originally a pidgin that has become established as a native language in some speech community.

( ) 23. Sex-preferential differentiation in terms of speech varieties of males and females exists in only some of the natural languages across the world.

( ) 24. Participating in the processes of language perception, comprehension and production are just a number of brain areas called language centers.

( ) 25 In natural settings, parents often correct young children’s utterances that violate the rules of the grammar.

( ) 26. The territory in which the Indo-European languages are mainly spoken today also includes languages that are not Indo-European.

( ) 27. Registers are language varieties appropriate for use in particular speech situations. They are also known as situational dialects.

( ) 28. Language by no means determines the ways we perceive the objective world, but by its convenience, availability, and habitual use, does influence the perceptions of human being.

( ) 29. Searle divides the illocutionary act into five categories.

( ) 30.The grammatical form of the sentence does not affect the semantic predication of the sentence.