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英语语言学试卷及答案
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练习十一

I. Directions: Read each of the following statements carefully. Decide which one of the four choices best completes the statement and put the letter A, B, C or D in the brackets. (2%X10=20%)

1. ______________ act is the act performed or resulting from saying something.

A. An illocutionary     B. A locutionary      C. A perlocutionary     D. A speech

2. Which of the following statements is NOT the content of the maxim of manner under the CP?

A. Be orderly.     B. Be brief.       C. Be obscure.     D. Avoid ambiguity.

3. Which of the following words differs from others in word formation rules ?

A. gym     B. fridge     C. e-mail     D. brunch

4. By studying sound correspondences from more languages, European linguists eventually ascertained that most languages of the languages of _________________ belonged to the same Indo-European language family.

A. Europe and the northern part of India

B. Europe and Persia

C. Persia and the northern part of India

D. Europe, Persia and the northern part of India

5. Language use is both systematic and non-systematic, subject to _____________ variation.

A. external     B. internal     C. intermediate    D. both A and B

6. Black English is probably the most widespread and most familiar ___________ variety of the English language.

A. lower class     B. regional    C. ethnic    D. social

7. Which of the following mental functions is not under the control of the left hemisphere ?

A. Language and speech     B. Analytic reasoning     C. Holistic reasoning     D. Calculation

8. _____________ is the language center responsible for converting a visual stimulus into an auditory form and vice versa.

A. The angular gyrus     B. Broca’s area     C. Wermical’s area     D. none of the above

9. _____________ has been found to occur usually in children’s pronunciation or reporting of the truthfulness of utterances, rather than in the grammaticality of sentences.

A. Imitation     B. Reinforcement     C. Instruction     D. Correction

10. Overgeneralizations have occurred in the development of ______________.

A. syntax     B. morphology    C. semantics     D. all of the above

 

II. Directions: Fill in the blank in each of the following statements with one word, the first letter of which is already given as a clue. Note that you are to fill in One word only, and you are not allowed to change the letter given. (1%X10=10%)

 

11. The significance of Grice’s C_______________ Principle lies in that it explains how it is possible for the speaker to convey more than is literally said.

12. The notion of c___________ is very important to the pragmatic study of language.

13. The insertion of a consonant or vowel sound to the middle of a word is known as e____________.

14. Work on the systematic form-meaning resemblance in c___________, words that have descended from a common source, lies at the core of comparative reconstruction.

15. People’s s____________ are defined by linguistic differences associated with respective definable social groups even within the same geographical location.

16. Language standardization, known as language p__________, means that certain authorities, such as the government or government agency of a country, choose a particular speech variety and spread the use of it across regional boundaries.

17. Because languages differ in many ways, Whorf also believed that speakers of different languages perceive and experience the world differently, i.e. relative to their linguistic background, thus the notion of linguistic r______________.

18. By means of d__________ listening tests, we can analyze the characteristics of incoming stimuli processed by the individual hemispheres.

19. Although they lack grammatical morphemes, t_____________ sentences follow the principles of sentence formation.

20. Motivation in language learning is the learner’s overall goal or orientation. When the learner’s goal is functional, instrumental motivation occurs. When the learner’s goal is social, i___________ motivation occurs.

 

III. Directions: Judge whether each of the following statements is true or false. Put a T for true or F for false in the brackets in front of each statement. If you think a statement is false, you must explain why you think so and give the correct version. (2%X10=20%)

 

( ) 21. Standard American English is superior to Black English.

( ) 22. A lingua franca must be a native language currently spoken by a particular people.

( ) 23. Our linguistic ability depends primarily on the structure of our vocal cords.

( ) 24. Recognition of patterns is a mental function in the left hemisphere of the human brain.

( ) 25. A large proportion of grammatical errors in SLA can be explained by mother tongue interference.

( ) 26. Dialectal synonyms can often be found in different regional dialectssuch as British English and American English but cannot be found withinthe variety itself, for example, within British English or AmericanEnglish.

( )27. The illocutionary point of representatives is to commit the speaker himself to some future course of action.

( )28. Utterance is based on sentence meaning; it is the realization of the

abstract meaning of a sentence in a real situation of communication.

( )29. The angular gyrus is the language center responsible for converting a

visual stimulus into an auditory form and vice versa.

( ) 30. Cooperative Principle is advanced by Paul Grice.