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练习十

I. Directions: Read each of the following statements carefully. Decide which one of the four choices best completes the statement and put the letter A, B, C or D in the brackets. (2%X10=20%)

1. The application of linguistic theories and principles to language teaching is ______________.

A. computational linguistics     B. anthropological linguistics

C. mathematical linguistics        D. applied linguistics

2.The sound [v] can be described as _______________.

A. voiced, labiodental and affricate      B. voiced, labiodental and fricative

C. voiced, alveolar and affricate          D. voiced, alveolar and fricative

3.In English, all the front vowels and the central vowels are ___________ vowels.

A. close         B. open       C. unrounded      D. rounded

4._______________ are produced by moving from one vowel position to another through intervening positions.

A. Vowels             B. Consonants      C. Semi-vowels     D. Diphthongs

5.The word “deformed” contains ____________ morpheme(s).

A. one          B. two           C. three          D. zero

6. ____________ modify the meaning of the original word and in many cases change its part of speech.

A. Suffixes         B. Prefixes         C. Affixes        D. Roots

7.The subordinate clause in a complex sentence is normally called ______________ clause.

A. a main        B. a major     C. a matrix     D. an embedded

8.Phrase structure rules have _______________ properties.

A. grammatical      B. recursive     C. double    D. many

9. Which pair does NOT form the dialectal synonyms ?

A. lift, elevator            B. flat, apartment    C. sidewalk, pedestrian     D. colour, color

10. What is the sentential relationship between “John’s bike needs repairing.” and “John has a bike.”?

A. Entailment    B. Presupposition     C. Contradiction     D. Anomaly

II. Directions: Fill in the blank in each of the following statements with one word, the first letter of which is already given as a clue. Note that you are to fill in One word only, and you are not allowed to change the letter given. (1%X10=10%)

11. The description of a language as it changes through time is a d________________ study.

12. V___________ of the vocal cords results in a quality of speech sounds called “voicing”.

13. When the obstruction is partial and the air is forced through a narrow passage in the mouth so as to cause definite local friction at the point, the speech sound thus pronounced is a f____________.

14. The affixes occurring at the beginning of a word are called p____________.

15. Semantically, the meaning of a c_______________ is often idiomatic, not always being the sum total of the meanings of its components.

16. In using the morphological rules, we must guard against o__________________.

17. Words and phrases are organized according to the s_____________ categories they belong to.

18. The A_________ Condition on Case assignment states that a Case assignor and a Case recipient should stay adjacent to each other.

19. When two words are identical in sound, they are h_______________.

20. In semantic analysis of a sentence, the basic unit is called p_________________.

III. Directions: Judge whether each of the following statements is true or false. Put a T for true or F for false in the brackets in front of each statement. If you think a statement is false, you must explain why you think so and give the correct version. (2%X10=20%)

( ) 21. Linguistics is the scientific study of particular languages.

( ) 22. Depending on the context in which stress is considered, there are two kinds of stress: word stress and sentence stress.

( ) 23. Of the two media of language, writing is more basic than speech, because of its permanence.

( ) 24. There is only one type of affixes in the English language.

( ) 25. Language is only linearly-structured.

( ) 26. Phrase structure rules are rewrite rules.

( ) 27. All the grammatically well-formed sentences are semanticallywell-formed.

( ) 28. All the acts that belong to the same category of illocutionary act share the same purpose or the same illocutionary point, so they are the same in their strength or force.

( ) 29. The most vigorous and on-going change in the historical development of a language is the change in its vocabulary.

( ) 30. All living languages change with time without any exception.