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作业习题及答案
英语语言学试卷及答案
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练习一

I. Directions: Read each of the following statements carefully. Decide which one of the four choices best completes the statement and put the letter A, B, C or D in the brackets. (2%X10=20%)

1. Modern linguistics differs from traditional grammar for it is mostly _________.

A.prescriptive     B.descriptive     C. subjective     D. Latin-based

2. A linguist regards the changes in language and language use as ________.

A. abnormal    B. something to be feared       C.natural         D. unnatural

3. Which of the following sounds is a voiced consonant?

A. [d]     B.[t]     C.[p]     D.[t]

4. There are ___________morphemes in the word “disabled”

A. one     B. two     C. three    D. four

5. In English, “dis-“ is called________

A. a free morpheme     B. a suffix      C. an infix                 D. a prefix

6.Black English is probably the most widespread and most familiar ____ variety of the English language.

A. regional        B. ethnic        C. social             D. lower class

7.The pair of words “alive” and “dead” are _____________.

A. gradable antonyms             B. complementary antonyms

C. relational opposites             D. co-hyponyms

8.____ belong(s) to the Indo-European language family.

A. English     B. German      C. French     D. All of them

9.The sentence “Kids like apples” is a___________.

A. two-place predication        B. three-place predication

C. no-place predication          D. one-place predication

10.What is the construction of the sentence: “The baby smiled”?

A. subordinate         B. coordinate       C. exocentric         D. endocentric

 

II. Directions: Fill in the blank in each of the following statements with one word, the first letter of which is already given as a clue. Note that you are to fill in One word only, and you are not allowed to change the letter given. (1%X10=10%)

11. Language is a system of a ____________ vocal symbols used for human communication.

12. The linguistic study of meaning in the context of use is called p____________.

13. The description of a language as it changes through time is a d___________ study.

14. According to the Swiss linguist F. de Saussure, p___________ refers to the realization of language in actual use.

15. The three branches of phonetics are labelled a____________ phonetics, auditory phonetics and acoustic phonetics respectively.

16. M___________ is the smallest meaningful unit of language.

17. S___________ is a subfield of linguistics that studies the sentence structure of language.

18. The term a________ is used for oppositeness of meaning.

19. S________ is the subdiscipline of linguistics that studies language in social contexts.

20. Variation in language use associated with the sex of individual speakers is called g__________varieties.

 

III. Directions: Judge whether each of the following statements is true or false. Put a T for true or F for false in the brackets in front of each statement. If you think a statement is false, you must explain why you think so and give the correct version. (2%X10=20%)

21. Competence and performance mean, to N. Chomsky, much the same thing.

22. The basic difference between a vowel and a consonant is that in the pronunciation of the former it is characterized by the absence of obstruction of the airstream and it does not have a place of articulation in the same sense as a consonant.

23. In English, nouns, verbs, prepositions and adverbs are open classes since we can regularly add new words to these classes.

24. Sentences are strings of words put together in a random order.

25. Sense and reference are two terms often encountered in the study of meaning. They are two related but different aspects of meaning.

26. “It is raining hard” is a one-place predication sentence.

27. Idiolect is the stylistic variation in a person’s speech, or writing, usually ranges on a continuum from casual or colloquial to formal or polite.

28. Bilingualism describes a situation in which two very different varieties of language co-exist in a speech community, each with a distinct range of social function and appropriate for certain situations.

29. Commissive, a type of illocutionary speech acts by Searle, means bringing about immediate changes by saying something.

30. Utterance meaning is based on sentence meaning; the former is concrete and context-dependent and the latter is abstract and de-contextualized.